A New Testament Greek Grammar Review Tool    
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Greek Review
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Philosophy of Design

Among the available sites related to Greek language study some offer synopses or summaries of basic Greek grammar. Others present full explanations of Greek grammar somewhat akin to an on-line textbook. For users with no prior training in the language these sites can provide an overview introducing the language or a starting point in learning the language. For those users who are especially able with language acquisition these sites may even provide sufficient resources to do independent study of the language. However, these sites share three qualities in common: (1) prior knowledge of Greek is not necessarily assumed, (2) they are directed primarily toward information acquisition, (3) the language rules are explained with few examples from the NT text.

By contrast this site is directed primarily toward those who have a prior knowledge of Greek and are seeking to refresh their skills for further study of the Greek language or the text of the NT. For example, college or seminary students who have already taken basic Greek may need to brush up before taking a competency exam, enrolling in an intermediate or advanced level Greek course, or taking exegesis courses based on the Greek rather than English text of the NT.

Furthermore, for these students, practice with the language rather than simply reviewing grammatical rules is necessary for recovery of vocabulary and polishing the skills of parsing, translation and grammatical analysis. The rules can come back quickly, but recognizing and applying those rules to particular texts does not always come back so easily. In other words, students often need more than a textbook, they need someone to explain structures and functions in context. Therefore, this site also includes interactive drilling in Greek vocabulary, practice in parsing, drilling in recognition of syntactical structures, and sentences for translation with full grammatical explanations for the syntax and function of every word in the sentence. This approach focuses on practice with the language rather than information acquisition and provides detailed explanations for all the practice sentences from the NT text.

The site has 27 units for review and practice. Each topic has its own page with a summary of the grammar points related to that topic, at least four sentences applying those grammar points, and hypertext links to grammatical explanations for every word in every sentence. Furthermore, each topic is related to vocabulary, parsing, grammatical terminology, and syntactical structure drilling routines to test the user's level of proficiency for that specific topic.

The vocabulary interface permits users either to practice vocabulary recognition on a randomly selected list of words or to use parts of speech or number of occurrences as criteria for designating specific groups of words for drilling. Similarly, the function analysis interface allows users to select general structures to identify or a randomly generated list of Greek examples of the structures for practicing both recognition and identification in Greek.

Finally, the site is designed to accommodate users who may have older, slower technology or may be located in more remote areas where access to the internet is limited and large downloads are not always possible. Therefore, few graphics, extra applications, or "plug-ins" are necessary for using the site. Whatever may have been lost in "bells and whistles" is more than compensated by the "lean" operational profile.


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Created at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary.
Funded by Wabash Center for Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion.
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